Pool Chemistry: 1-2-3
When treating a pool it’s always important to add chemicals in the appropriate order. We’ve broken down the basic parts components of water for you to make it easy. Always test and treat your water in the following order.
1: Balancers: PH, Alkalinity, Hardness, Cyanuric Acid
PH: PH scale measures the acidity or base of water. The PH scale ranges from 0, being acidic, to 14, which is basic. 7.2, the neutral PH level, and is ideal for your pool water.
Alkalinity: The total Alkalinity of water is closely related to the pH. It is the “buffering capacity of the water.” This mean it helps keep the PH in line by giving water the ability to resist PH changes from the addition of acids. 80-120ppm is ideal for your pool.
Hardness: Total Hardness of water is the measurement of present Mineral Salts. These include: Calcium, Magnesium, Aluminum, Iron, and Manganese. The primary Mineral Salt for increasing the Total Hardness is Calcium. 250-500ppm is ideal for your pool.
Cyanuric Acid: Cyanuric Acid is a stabilizing agent, so that Chlorine does not dissipate quickly. Think of it as “Sunscreen for your Chlorine.”
2: Sanitizers: Chlorine, Salt, Shock
Chlorine: Pool water Sanitizer and Disinfectant. 1-3 ppm.
Chloramines: As Chlorine sanitizes, it may combine with other organic compounds such as: ammonia, chlorine, nitrogen, and other byproducts from swimmers.
Salt: NaCl, Sodium Chloride, is another type of Chlorine Sanitizer when combined with a Chlorine/Salt Generator. Often, Salt Sanitizers are distinguishable from Chlorine pools by the softer water feeling and high PH.
Shock: Oxidizes the residual sanitizer chemical. This frees up space for more sanitizer to do it’s job.
3: Accessory: Algaecides, Clarifiers, Sequestering Agents
Algaecidal & Algaestatic: These are products that Kill and Prevent the growth of Algae and Algae Spores.
Clarifiers & Flocculants: These are products which coagulate fine dirt particles, organic waste, and oils that are too fine to pass through your filtration system. Strong Flocculants have the ability to sink the waste particles to the bottom of the pool, allowing for later vacuuming.
Sequestering Agents: By isolating minerals and metals, sequestering agents prevent scale buildup and metal oxidation.
**Always reference your Chemical Bottle for the most accurate treatment information